The Guardian and BBC News take a slightly more restrained approach, suggesting that home-brew heroin may be a problem in the future but it certainly is not st issue now. This study has generated media coverage speculating about the possibility of "home-brew heroin" creating an "epidemic of hard drug use". In opium production in the region reached almost 5, tonnes - out of the 6, tonnes the whole country produced.
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Researchers in the US have figured out how to make 'home-made' heroin using a modified form of sugar-fed yeast and an enzyme extracted. Xt researchers say many of these compounds are still made from plants such as the opium poppy, as they are chemically very complex and therefore difficult and expensive to make hreoin scratch in the lab.
So, not the kind of place you would expect to be at the forefront of efforts to decarbonise the economy. The researchers then needed other proteins that convert dopamine and another chemical already present in yeast into another intermediate chemical, and then carry out the other chemical steps needed to form Makd -reticuline. Mr Brittan is a former British soldier whose company, Alcis, specialises in satellite analysis of what he calls "complex environments".
To make any mak — from prescription painkillers to heroin — you need the goo that comes from opium poppy seeds. By production had grown to 4, tonnes. They used genetic engineering to make a version of this protein in yeast that worked even better than the original one.
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The illegal drug heroin is an opiate that can be produced by refining morphine to make it more powerful. If you have ever doubted whether solar power can be a transformative technology, read on.
It is only now that the scale of the revolution in heroin production I was unwittingly go has been quantified. The idea is you maje pay favours back - instead, you return big favours by helping out people you don't know. We doubt it — at least in the near future. Nobody is thinking about climate change - or any other ethical consideration, for that matter. Home-Made Heroin?
It is basically a pyramid selling scheme but for doing good, and it seems to be working.
I've travelled all over the world for the BBC and seen evidence of environmental damage and climate change everywhere. And the impact on the world supply of opium appears to have been equally dramatic. Mr Brittan estimates half a million people have migrated into the desert areas of Helmand in just the last five years. As farmers switch to solar, uome can see the area shaded green growing.
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What happened next is very interesting. His maps mqke shaded from dark purple - poor yields - through to light green, which indicates the most productive land.
Scientists have discovered an incredibly easy way to make morphine, but it could be a huge drug problem
Black Hawk over Helmand I was in a military helicopter thundering over the lush poppy fields of the Helmand valley in Afghanistan when I spotted the first solar panel. At maek same time, the land is getting more productive. Many farms now get two harvests a year - some even get three.
We are right to be anxious and afraid at the prospect, but I reckon we should also see this as a thrilling story of exploration, and I'm delighted to have been given the chance of a ringside seat as chief environment correspondent. Dr Mansfield is the author of the report.
Bioengineering advances raise fears of 'home-brew heroin'
However, now we know much more about how the chemicals are made in plants, it may be possible to genetically engineer microbes in the lab to produce these chemicals in industrial quantities. Researchers hope that by ing these two parts of the pathway, they will hoem yeast that can produce BIAs from scratch. In there is a truly bumper harvest, by far the biggest Afghanistan has ever produced - 9, tonnes of opium.
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That means pretty much two-thirds of global supply. They acknowledge that further optimisation of their method to produce more of the intermediate chemical is needed before it could be used to produce BIAs.
The market I'm talking about is perhaps the purest example of capitalism on the planet. He harvested his opium crop in May; now he is growing tomatoes.
Most opium will be refined into heroin, one of the most addictive drugs there is. I've got a video shot a couple of weeks ago on an opium farm in what used to be desert.
The farmer shows us his two arrays of 18 solar panels. Since then growth has been exponential. This laboratory research studied whether a group of chemicals called benzylisoquinoline alkaloids BIAs could be produced in yeast.
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So much yo that prices crashed. The Daily Mirror carries the alarming headline that, "Heroin made in home-brew beer kits could create epidemic of hard drug abuse".
Mr Higham, like many older addicts, developed his habit in the s, when unemployment topped three million and high-quality Afghan heroin had ma,e started to arrive in the UK. Bioengineering advances raise fears of 'home-brew heroin' Tuesday 19 May The Daily Mirror homw the alarming headline that, "Heroin made in home-brew beer kits could create epidemic of hard drug abuse".
While the likelihood of such strains being successfully made for criminal use seems very small, at least in the short to medium term, criminals can be resourceful.
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What were the basic ? The tyrosine hydroxylase is needed to produce the intermediate chemical dopamine.
He zooms in on an area way out in the deserts of Helmand. But the researchers did not produce heroin or any other opioid, only an intermediate chemical.
BIAs are a group of plant-derived chemicals that include opioids, such as morphine. Using solar also means farmers can grow hdroin in places where they never would have considered farming before. It says.
He films the small canal that allows him to use the water to irrigate his land. This could be cheaper and easier than current production methods, which often still involve extraction from plants.
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By Herooin Brittan's team had counted 67, solar arrays just in the Helmand valley. The addicts he works with say the quality of the heroin they buy is improving and there don't seem to be the droughts in supply that Mr Higham says he regularly experienced during his quarter century of addiction. But recently. And that's not the only breakthrough.
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